The Impact of Screen Time on Infancy Development
Jun 18, 2023
Archer Calloway
by Archer Calloway


As technology continues to advance, screens have become an integral part of our lives. From smartphones, tablets, computers, and televisions, we are constantly surrounded by screens. As a result, children are exposed to screens at a much younger age than ever before. In this article, we will explore the impact of screen time on infancy development. We will discuss the potential benefits and drawbacks of screen time, as well as provide guidance for parents on how to best manage their child's screen time.

The Positive Effects of Screen Time

While excessive screen time can have negative effects on a child's development, it is important to acknowledge that there are also some benefits associated with moderate screen time. For example, educational apps, videos, and games can enhance a child's cognitive and language skills. These resources can provide engaging and interactive experiences that can help children learn new concepts and ideas.

Additionally, screen time can facilitate social interaction, especially for families who live far apart. Video chats with grandparents, cousins, or friends can help children develop their communication skills and strengthen family bonds. Furthermore, some apps and games encourage cooperative play, requiring children to work together to solve problems or complete tasks, thereby promoting teamwork and collaboration.

The Negative Effects of Excessive Screen Time

On the other hand, excessive screen time can have detrimental effects on a child's development. One of the primary concerns is that too much screen time can interfere with a child's sleep. The blue light emitted from screens can disrupt the production of melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep, leading to difficulties falling asleep and staying asleep.

Another concern is that excessive screen time can lead to a sedentary lifestyle. Children who spend too much time in front of screens tend to engage in less physical activity, which can contribute to obesity and other health issues. Additionally, spending too much time on screens can negatively impact a child's social and emotional development. Face-to-face interaction is crucial for developing empathy, understanding non-verbal cues, and building strong relationships.

Screen Time Guidelines for Infants

Given the potential benefits and drawbacks of screen time, it is essential for parents to establish guidelines for their infant's screen time. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that children under the age of 18 months should avoid screen time, with the exception of video chatting. For children between the ages of 18 and 24 months, the AAP suggests that parents should only introduce high-quality, educational content and engage with their child while watching to help them understand what they are seeing.

As children grow older, it is essential for parents to establish limits on screen time and encourage a balanced mix of activities, including physical play, social interaction, and creative pursuits. Remember that each child is different, and parents should consider their child's individual needs and development when setting screen time guidelines.

Creating a Healthy Media Environment

Creating a healthy media environment in your home is crucial for ensuring your child's development is not hindered by excessive screen time. One effective strategy is to designate specific areas of your home as screen-free zones, such as the dining room or the child's bedroom. This can help establish boundaries and encourage more meaningful family interactions.

Another important step is to be mindful of your own screen habits. Children often model their behavior after their parents, so it is essential to set a positive example by limiting your own screen time and engaging in other activities, such as reading, playing games, or going for walks. Finally, consider implementing a family media plan, which can help establish rules for screen time and promote a balanced approach to media consumption.


In conclusion, screen time can have both positive and negative effects on infancy development. While some screen time can be beneficial for cognitive and language development, excessive screen time can lead to sleep disruption, sedentary lifestyles, and hindered social and emotional growth. It is crucial for parents to establish screen time guidelines, create a healthy media environment, and set a positive example for their children. By doing so, parents can help ensure their child's development is not negatively impacted by screen time and that they grow up with a healthy balance of activities and experiences.